Fostering Well-being and Equality: Advancing Social Policies for Military Personnel

Social policies play a crucial role in ensuring people’s well-being and quality of life. Recognizing this importance, the European Union (EU) has been actively engaged in discussions and initiatives aimed at improving the social conditions and rights of its citizens. One example can be seen in the European Semester, part of the EU’s economic governance framework, that goes beyond being solely an economic exercise and integrates other relevant policy fields, including social affairs, by coordinating and monitoring employment and social policies, aligning them with the principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights. By incorporating social policy coordination into the European Semester, the EU demonstrates a clear recognition of the importance of social affairs and endeavours to improve social conditions and rights for its citizens.

In this article, we will explore key areas of concern and potential solutions regarding military personnel.

Fair Compensation and Benefits

One of the primary concerns in enhancing the social policies for military personnel is fair compensation and benefits. EUROMIL held the “Fair Defence Pay Campaign” (2019-2020) emphasizing the need for military salaries to be comparable to those in public services. To attract and retain skilled personnel, it is essential to ensure that military salaries and allowances are competitive and commensurate with the responsibilities undertaken. EUROMIL’s campaign report underscored the significance of granting military personnel the right to freedom of association without restriction. Encouraging dialogue between military associations and relevant authorities can help address issues effectively and promote a fair and supportive working environment for military personnel. Furthermore, low salaries often undermine the attractiveness of a military career.

Thus, EUROMIL emphasizes the need for increased investment in the working conditions of military personnel, including salaries and allowances, as part of the overall defence budget. Adequate resources allocated to improve infrastructure, training opportunities, and equipment can contribute to better working conditions, job satisfaction, and retention rates.

Retirement benefits are a crucial aspect of social policies for military personnel. Fair pension schemes should be in place to provide financial security and stability in the post-service phase. And should be periodically reviewed and updated to reflect changing societal needs.

Transition and Post-Service Support

Ensuring a smooth transition from military service to civilian life is a critical aspect of social policies for military personnel. Recognizing the challenges faced during this period, it is imperative to provide a range of resources to facilitate the process, with comprehensive transition support that encompasses elements such as job placement assistance, vocational training opportunities, and accessible social services.

Furthermore, the establishment of robust veteran policies is crucial to provide sustained support and acknowledging the distinct needs and experiences of those who navigate post-service life.

Comprehensive Healthcare

Military personnel often face unique occupational hazards, including potential exposure to substances such as asbestos. Recognizing these risks, healthcare policies must prioritize robust safety and health at work programs within military settings. This includes implementing stringent safety protocols, conducting regular risk assessments, and providing proper training and protective equipment to mitigate the dangers associated with military duties.

Comprehensive healthcare services are vital to ensuring the overall well-being of military personnel. These services should encompass a wide range of medical and psychological support, providing timely access to preventive care, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation for both physical and mental health conditions. (EUROMIL’s article on Mental Health). In this regard, it is important to highlight that social dialogue and collective bargaining play a pivotal role in shaping healthcare policies that effectively meet the specific requirements of military personnel.

Whistleblower Protection

The inclusion of whistleblowing mechanisms within military organizations is vital for maintaining transparency and accountability. Establishing ombuds institutions that can receive and investigate complaints from military personnel helps create an environment where concerns can be raised without fear of reprisal. Safeguarding whistleblowers’ rights and protecting them from retaliation is essential for fostering a culture of integrity within the military.

In relation to whistleblowing, EUROMIL has actively addressed the issue in the report “Demystifying Whistleblowing in the Armed Forces“, published in collaboration with the Whistleblowing International Network (WIN). The report sheds light on the role of whistleblowing in promoting ethics and preventing wrongdoing in the defence sector, while also reviewing global legal protections and offering guidance for ombuds institutions in safeguarding whistleblowers.

Comparable Social Systems

Ensuring fairness and equality for military personnel entails aligning their social systems with those of other workers in the public sector. This alignment extends to various provisions, including maternity and parental leave, which play a crucial role in supporting work-life balance. By implementing policies that grant military personnel the same benefits as their civilian counterparts, we can promote a level playing field and create a supportive environment that values the well-being and needs of military families.


Enhancing social policies for military personnel is crucial for creating a supportive and equitable environment. Fair compensations, investment in working conditions, transition support, comprehensive healthcare, whistleblower protection, fair pension schemes, and comparable social systems are all essential elements to consider. By addressing these areas, the EU can contribute to the overall well-being and satisfaction of military personnel while attracting and retaining the talent necessary for strong and capable defence force.

This article is part of EUROMIL’s European Elections 2024 project.

Previous post

EUROMIL's Working Visit To Kyiv: 21 - 24 June

Next post

EUROMIL welcomes the European Commission’s Joint Communication on the Climate-Security Nexus